The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem is a Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the Holy See. The pope is the sovereign of the order which, with the five other papal equestrian orders and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, are the only orders of chivalry that are recognized and protected by the Holy See.

The order creates canons as well as knights, with the primary mission to support the Christian presence in the Holy Land.